Unlike New England, the Middle Colonies had richer, less rocky soil, allowing the area to become a major exporter of wheat and other grains. Cite evidence from one graph to support your claim. Sustainability Policy |  The Middle colonies are often called the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat. There was mostly Polish, English, Dutch,French and German origins. Use the information in the graphs to answer the analysis questions that follow. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. People use the wide rivers in the Middle Colonies to transport goods. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. National Geographic Headquarters The following is a list of the colonies and their exports. Excellent land for farming: region became known as the "bread colonies" for exports of grain; also grew fruits and vegetables. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Fill out the table below each graph to gather your thoughts. New religious movement in 1720's.This movement changed the way that many people practiced their religion. The natural resources available for trade in the Middle Colonies included good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Some of the exports of the New England colonies were cattle, lumber, corn, flour, fish, rum and timber products. Generally…are French Colonies poorer than British colonies? Economic historians of the eighteenth-century British mainland North American colonies have given considerable weight to the role of exports as a stimulus for economic growth. Analysis of the Economies of the 13 Colonies Directions: The attached graphs illustrate the exports [goods that are produced to sell for a profit] of each colonial region. What are the major imports and exports of Argentina? Unlike the New England Colony, it had lots of fertile soil and since farming was the main way people made a living it attracted a lot of settlers. 1770-1775 (pounds sterling) 17 Three rivers -- Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson -- tapped fur trade in the interior. But most of these exports were not bound for Great Britain. The Middle Colony was known as the “breadbasket” because its top export is grain. Instead, more than three quarters of the region’s exports went either to the West Indies or 13 Excellent land for farming: region became known as the "bread colonies" for exports of grain; also fruits and vegetables. It kept ports in the middle colonies busy and helped to Anglicize the diverse population. From the book The Making of America, published by National Geographic Society © 2002. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Looking back at where and how people lived in these centuries can help us learn more about why the world population is the way it is today. Slavery in America. The major export from the middle colonies was a. fish. How did geography affect the Middle Colonies' economy? Due to the three large rivers in these colonies — the Susquehanna, the Delaware and Hudson — fur trading was also important to the economy. Learn more about the thirteen British colonies with these classroom resources. For example, for goods that are shipped today from China to the United States, (1) if you were in the United States, you would call these goods "imported from China". Code of Ethics, Map of trade routes across the Atlantic Ocean. Southerners had a guaranteed market for their tobacco, rice and indigo. Trade/Exports All of the Middle Colonies were a big food producing region with corn, wheat, and livestock. they imported british manufacturing goods, rum, sugar and molasses from the west indies, and slaves from africa. The religion of the Middle Colonies, as one would expect, was diverse. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Exports were the raw materials or finished products that the colonists traded or sold to other countries. Students look at pictures of material goods from two world regions—Eastern North America and Western Europe—and simulate 17th century trade by moving goods across the Atlantic Ocean. The Middle Colonies' chief export was grain, in addition to other crops such as corn, vegetables, fruit and livestock. This first settlement failed mysteriously and in 1606, the London Company sent a ship full of people to establish a presence. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. The lumber and shipbuilding industries were also successful in the Middle Colonies because of the abundant forests, and Pennsylvania was moderately successful in the textile and iron industries. The British began their invasion of North America in 1587 when the Plymouth Company established a settlement that they dubbed Roanoke in present-day Virginia. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. However, prior to this population boom, in the 17th to 19th centuries, the population demographics were considerably different than those of today. 4 Industry The total number of people on Earth has been increasing for centuries, and it looks as though that trend will continue into the future. The first big growth spurt for the world population occurred in the mid-20th century. Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. Freedom of religion was guaranteed to all immigrants. The Trade of the Middle Colonies. The southern colonies had large plantations that grew tobacco or cotton and required slave labor, while northern colonies had small family farms. 3. Many of the immigrants to the Middle Colonies paid their way to the New World. read more, tobacco, furs and wheat were the most common exports. Colonists imported much more than they exported so, the balance of trade was in England's favor. Learn more about the economics of the 13 British colonies with these classroom resources. Lumbers, textiles, iron, furs, and shipbuilding. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Exports and Imports: The concept of export and import for any trade system all depends on where you are standing. These events redistributed people on the eve of one of population’s biggest booms. The middle colony had richness of land and abundant natural resources. b. flour. Almost all the exports not bound for Europe were destined for the West Indies (29 per cent in 1768-72). Tobacco cultivation and exports formed an essential component of the American colonial economy. The Middle Passage. From there, other groups crossed the ocean to start new lives in this “New World.” Some groups arrived to pursue religious freedom and others economic opportunities. b. flour. c. rum. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. What were the middle colonies and when were they founded? Teach students about the history of the world population with this curated collection of resources. The colonies were generally run by Royal or Proprietary Governors and elected colonial assemblies. Each of the thirteen colonies were noted for different exports. 2. The Middle colonies built flour mills where wheat was ground into flour, then shipped to England. New England's exports were largely to the West Indies, as were half the exports of the middle colonies, while exports from the southern colonies, the producers of cotton and tobacco, went over-whelmingly to … d. milling equipment. All rights reserved. It was mostly hot in the middle colonies, which allowed farming season to be longer. Of course, Great Britain liked this exclusive trade, too. The British arrived in North America in 1587 through the sponsorship of the Plymouth Company, which established a short-lived settlement called Roanoke in present-day Virginia. The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of wheat, corn, pork, and beef, among other trade goods. The Middle Colonies had much fertile soil, which allowed the area to become a major exporter of wheat and other grains. Large land expansions allow for more farmlands which result in more production of wheats, oats, and grains. The Triangle Trade Lesson Plans. The Middle Colonies were large producers of iron ore products such as kettles, pots, plows, tools, and nails, much of which was exported to England. Privacy Notice |  Over time, they formed the thirteen British colonies up and down the East Coast. read more. Life of a Slave. B. Exports and Imports in the American Colonies. The Slave Trade in the 13 Colonies Lesson Plans. Continental colonies (1774) 74.00 New England 33.00 19,000,000 Middle Colonies 51.00 30,000,000 Upper and Lower South 132.00 86,100,000 West Indies (1771-1775) Jamaica 1,200.00 18,000,000 Table 3: Wealth per free white person in British America, ca. Terms of Service |  When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. read more, 12. She or he will best know the preferred format. European ethnic groups as manifold as English, Swedes, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish and French lived in closer proximity than in any location on continental Europe. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. data for the Middle Colonies in a manner that is based on an explicit theoretical framework we here present annual time series of total and per capita export volumes from c. 1700 to c. they imported british manufacturing goods, rum, sugar and molasses from the west indies, and slaves from africa. Its large exports led to its constituent colonies becoming known as the Bread Basket Colonies. Culture of Region. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. 0 0. Delaware Climate Humid and temperate warm summers and mild winters Geography second lowest average elevation long sandy beaches, marshy shorelines shallow tributaries throughout state New York and Pennsylvania dominated exports from the Middle Colonies in these years, together accounting for more than 96 percent of the value of regional exports (see Appendix Table 1). read more, Thirteen Colonies: the New England Colonies. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. They had a growing new market for their manufactured goods and cheap new resources from which to make even more stuff. Yet their analyses have been handicapped by reliance on one or two time SOURCE: Peter Kalm, Travels into North America (1749), 1, 253-8; 243-5; reprinted in Guy Stevens Callender (ed. Because of the large grain exports resulting from this soil, the colonies came to be known as the Bread Basket Colonies. The middle colonies were also concerned about attacks by unfriendly Native Americans. Best Answers The town carries on a great trade, both with the inhabitants of the country, and to other parts of the world, especially to the West Indies, South America, and the Antilles; to England, Ireland, Portugal, and to several English colonies in North America. You cannot download interactives. THE MIDDLE COLONIES I. Characteristics of the Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE A. The textile industry also grew quickly as well as exports of pig iron and its products. Exports In the middle colonies we export a very large amount of steel, grain, and corn to send back to the home land Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. ), Selections from the Economic History of the United States, 1765-1860 (Boston: Ginn and Co., 1909), 16-20. These companies pursued the economic opportunities afforded by the natural resources abundant in this “New World.” The economy in the colonies, which varied regionally, was mostly centered around agriculture and exporting materials back to England. The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters. Many found freedom and acceptance in the Middle Colonies than they had ever known. The southern colonies had large plantations that grew tobacco or cotton and required slave labor, while northern colonies had small family farms. What are the Solomon Islands' major imports and exports? Great Awakening. c. The New England Colonies because one of their exports includes leather and fur and also livestock. 13 Colonies - Free Powerpoints These exports made the middle colonies the leading food producers. The Middle Colonies exported agricultural products and natural resources. Source: qa.answers.com. 1. Review each graph carefully. tobacco, furs and wheat were the most common exports. Slave Trade - Eyewitness to History. 12. 3) Which colonial region do you think had the most wildlife such as bears, deers, beavers, etc.? Three rivers -- Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson -- tapped fur trade in the interior and exploration into the backcountry. The economy in the colonies, which varied regionally, was mostly centered around agriculture and exporting materials back to England. The major export from the middle colonies was a. fish. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. Why were the middle colonies known as the breadbasket of the colonies? Who were the new migrants to the middle colonies. They named the area Jamestown. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource. … The Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic Colonies) I. Characteristics of the Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE A. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Globally, this time period was defined by movements of colonization, conquest, trade, industrialization, and the transatlantic slave trade. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. What did they trade in the middle colonies? B. The partly unglaciated Middle Colonies enjoyed fertile soil vastly different from the nearby New England Colonies, which contained more rocky soil. This fear was present in all of the colonies. For Teachers. Imports are all products brought into the colonies most of which were from England. The Middle Colonies economy is very stable with constant exports from Albany and Philadelphia. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … 1145 17th Street NW What are the major exports of South America and North America? It spread through all of the 13 colonies during 1730's and 1740's. Then in 1606, the London Company established a presence in what would become Jamestown, Virginia. The Middle Colonies were considered the most religiously and ethnically diverse group out of the 3 regions. From England the southern colonies had much fertile soil vastly different from the Middle colonies flour. The `` Bread colonies '' for exports of grain ; also fruits and vegetables Islands ' major and. And indigo the mid-20th century etc. gather your thoughts the world population with this curated of. Rum and timber products, in addition to other crops such as bears deers! Breadbasket of the Middle colonies busy and helped to Anglicize the diverse population a ship full people. 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